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Understanding Brain Tumors :Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment.

Home > Blog > Understanding Brain Tumors :Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment.

Understanding Brain Tumors :Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment.

Thursday, 21 December, 2023

The human brain, a marvel of nature, serves as the command center for our body's functions and our consciousness. However, just like any other part of the body, it is not immune to diseases. One of the most complex and devastating conditions that can affect the brain is a Brain Tumor Surgery in Bangalore. A brain tumor is an abnormal mass of tissue that grows within the brain or the spinal cord. These tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). While benign tumors do not invade nearby tissues and can often be successfully removed, malignant tumors are aggressive and can invade surrounding brain tissue, making them challenging to treat.

Types of Brain Tumors

Primary Brain Tumors: These tumors originate within the brain itself. The most common primary brain tumors are gliomas, which include astrocytoma’s, oligodendrogliomas, and ependymomas.

Metastatic Brain Tumors: These tumors originate in other parts of the body and then spread to the brain through the bloodstream. Common sources of metastatic brain tumors include the lungs, breast, and skin.

Causes of Brain Tumors

The exact causes of brain tumors remain largely unknown, but several risk factors have been identified:

  • Genetics: Genetic syndromes like neurofibromatosis and Li-Fraumeni syndrome are associated with an increased risk of brain tumors.
  • Radiation Exposure: Exposure to ionizing radiation, such as radiation therapy for previous cancers, can increase the risk of brain tumors.
  • Age: Brain tumors can occur at any age, but some types are more common in certain age groups. For instance, pediatric brain tumors differ from those found in adults.
  • Chemical Exposure: Being exposed to certain chemicals can increase the risk of brain tumors.

Symptoms of Brain Tumors

The symptoms of a brain tumor can vary widely depending on its location, size, and type. Common symptoms include:

Headaches: Persistent and severe headaches, especially in the morning, can be a warning sign.

Seizures: Unexplained seizures or changes in the pattern of existing seizures may indicate a brain tumor.

Cognitive Changes: Difficulty with concentration, memory, or other cognitive functions can occur.

Personality and Behavior Changes: Personality changes, mood swings, or uncharacteristic behavior may be observed.

Nausea and Vomiting: These symptoms, especially when worsened by changes in position, can be a sign of increased intracranial pressure.

Weakness or Numbness: Weakness or numbness in the limbs, often on one side of the body, may occur.

Visual Disturbances: Blurred vision, double vision, or loss of peripheral vision can be indicative of a brain tumor affecting the optic nerve.

Diagnosis of Brain Tumors

Diagnosing a brain tumor typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examinations, and imaging studies. Some common diagnostic procedures include:

Neurological Examination: A thorough neurological examination is conducted to assess the patient's reflexes, coordination, and sensory perception.

Imaging Studies: Brain tumors are often visualized through imaging techniques such as CT scans, MRI scans, and PET scans.

Biopsy: A sample of the tumor tissue may be obtained through a biopsy to determine its type and grade. This helps in planning the appropriate treatment.

Cerebral Angiography: This procedure involves injecting a contrast dye into the blood vessels of the brain to visualize blood flow and detect abnormalities.

Treatment Options for Brain Tumors

The treatment approach for brain tumors depends on various factors, including the type of tumor, its location, size, and the patient's overall health. Common Brain Tumor treatment in Bangalore options include:

Surgery: Surgical removal of the tumor is often the first-line treatment, especially for benign tumors or accessible malignant tumors. Advances in neurosurgery techniques have improved outcomes and reduced risks.

Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays or other forms of radiation to target and destroy cancer cells. It is often used in conjunction with surgery or as the primary treatment for inoperable tumors.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells or inhibit their growth. It may be administered orally or intravenously, depending on the specific medication and tumor type.

Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapies are drugs that specifically target certain molecules involved in tumor growth. They are used in some cases of malignant brain tumors.

Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is an emerging treatment approach that harnesses the body's immune system to fight cancer cells. It is still under investigation for brain tumors.

Supportive Care: In addition to cancer-specific treatments, patients may require supportive care to manage symptoms and side effects, such as pain management, physical therapy, and counseling.

Brain tumors are intricate and multifaceted medical conditions that demand a comprehensive approach to diagnosis and treatment. Early detection and swift intervention play a pivotal role in enhancing outcomes for individuals afflicted by these challenging tumors. When it comes to addressing these issues, Kauvery Hospital boasts some of the Best neurosurgeons in Bangalore, ensuring that patients receive top-notch care and expertise throughout their journey.

Dr. Krishna Chaitanya
MBBS MS MCh 
Senior Consultant – Neurosurgery
Neurosurgery, Spine Care

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