Causes, Signs, and Treatment for Kidney Failure?
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What Are the Causes, Signs, and Treatment for Kidney Failure?

Home > Blog > What Are the Causes, Signs, and Treatment for Kidney Failure?

What Are the Causes, Signs, and Treatment for Kidney Failure?

Tuesday, 28 March, 2023

Kidneys are one of the most crucial organs in the human body. These bean-shaped organs, which are the size of your fist, help to remove toxins from the human body. The blood gets filtered, and all the waste products are released from the body with the help of the kidneys.

Kidney failure, medically termed renal failure, is the condition where both kidneys fail to carry out their normal function and the body needs external support to continue the blood cleansing function.

Kauvery Hospital is acclaimed as one of the best nephrology hospital in Bangalore. With one of the most proficient teams of doctors and an advanced infrastructure facility, our team ensures a quick diagnosis and accurate treatment of nephrological problems.

What Happens When the Kidney Fails?

When the kidney is unable to carry out its filtration process, waste starts to accumulate in the body. Eventually, this gets unmanageable and leads to complete kidney failure. However, stability can be restored through adequate medical support.

Causes of Kidney Failure:

The most prominent reasons for kidney failure are:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Kidney infection
  • Severe kidney injury

Other than this, the risk of developing kidney disease gets higher in the case of:

  • Presence of heart disease
  • Having a family history of kidney problems
  • Exceeding the intake of over-the-counter medicines
  • A long history of having NSAIDs
  • Kidney disease and infection
  • Abnormality in kidney structure
  • Aging over 56

Symptoms of Kidney Failure:

Certain very common symptoms indicate that the kidneys need medical attention. No one should overlook consistent symptoms like:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Swelling
  • Brain fog
  • Irregularity in urination
  • Poor appetite
  • Itchy skin
  • Cramps in muscles
  • Oedema in hand, face, and ankle

What Are The Stages Of Kidney Failure?

If we go by the estimation of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), i.e. an estimation of how well the kidney's filtration process is working, then it would help us to understand the stages of kidney disease.

Going by the rating of eGFR, normally it is at 100, and if its value is 0, then this indicates that the kidneys have completely shut down.

Stage 1:

When the GFR rate is between 90 to 100 it indicates mild damage to the kidney but it is still able to function.

Stage 2:

When the GFR rate is between 60 to 89 it indicates that the kidney is getting damaged progressively but is still functioning near normal.

Stage 3:

When the GFR rate is between 30 to 59 it is an indication that there has been a mild loss in kidney functioning.

Stage 4:

When the GFR rate is between 15 to 29 it indicates a severe degradation in the functioning of the kidney.

Stage 5:

When the GFR rate reaches below 15 it indicates complete kidney failure.

Kidney Failure Diagnosis:

Several tests are used by our nephrologists to understand the condition of the kidney and determine the stage of kidney failure.

Kauvery Hospitals has the best-in-class infrastructure to conduct all diagnosis processes including:

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Imaging tests include a kidney ultrasound, MRI, CT urogram, etc.

Recovering From Kidney Failure:

For anyone who is in a dilemma about whether kidney failure can be cured, the answer is "Yes". With proper treatment, one can recover. At Kauvery Hospital, our exemplary course of treatment includes the basic process of best kidney treatment in Bangalore, regular blood checkups and tests, proper medication, and, if required, dialysis. Other than this, if the kidney is unable to function at all, our team of trained nephrology experts performs kidney transplant surgery, where a healthy kidney is installed in the body to restore smooth functioning.

So, the only way to avoid critical illness is to stay alert to the symptoms cited above and book an appointment at the best Nephrology Hospital in Bangalore, Kauvery Hospitals to get a complete health checkup done immediately.


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